Global Human Trafficking

Cuffs

Greetings from The Slave Detective,

Well once again apologies for my absence.

As usual I have a lot to say!!!

It has been a busy time for those that follow the happenings in The Human Trafficking World.

This week the Global Trafficking in Persons Report has come out. It is written by The US State Department and builds a continuous picture of what is happening on a global basis.

This year’s report pulls no punches. Three countries have been downgraded to Tier Three Countries.

State department’s annual slavery report relegates three countries to bottom tier for failing to tackle forced labour and widespread exploitation

The US has condemned China, Russia and Uzbekistan for their failure to stem widespread systematic human trafficking and slavery within their borders.

It has downgraded China, Russia and Uzbekistan to tier three, the report’s lowest ranking, reserved for countries whose governments do not fully comply with the Trafficking Victims Protection Act and are not making significant efforts to do so.

The relegation was attributed to continued failure to stop the routine complicity of officials in trafficking crimes, state-sponsored slavery, and widespread forced labour, sexual exploitation and enslavement of nationals and foreign nationals in the three countries.

The Tiers
TIER 1
Countries whose governments fully comply with
the Trafficking Victims Protection Act’s (TVPA)
minimum standards.
TIER 2
Countries whose governments do not fully comply
with the TVPA’s minimum standards, but are
making significant efforts to bring themselves into
compliance with those standards.
TIER 2 WATCH LIST
Countries whose governments do not fully comply
with the TVPA’s minimum standards, but are
making significant efforts to bring themselves into
compliance with those standards AND:
a) The absolute number of victims of severe forms
of trafficking is very significant or is significantly
increasing;
b) There is a failure to provide evidence of
increasing efforts to combat severe forms of
trafficking in persons from the previous year; or
c) The determination that a country is making
significant efforts to bring itself into
compliance with minimum standards was
based on commitments by the country
to take additional future steps over the
next year.
TIER 3
Countries whose governments do not fully comply
with the minimum standards and are not making
significant efforts to do so.

China is criticised for perpetuating human trafficking in 320 state-run institutions and the widespread domestic trafficking of girls and women into forced prostitution.

In Russia, an estimated 1 million people are exposed to exploitative labour , including forced labour used in the construction of the Winter Olympic park in Sochi, according to the report.

The government of Uzbekistan continues to force older children and adults into slave labour in its cotton industry. , the US state department says, and the country “remains one of only a handful of governments around the world that subjects its citizens to forced labour through the implementation of state policy”.

The report also reveals something that I have been shouting about for a while. The pitifully low global figures for the prosecution and conviction of trafficking criminals and identification of people who have been trafficked.

The UK had been exceptionally poor in prosecuting Human Trafficking Cases.

The Anti Trafficking Monitoring Group, whom I have supported for same time have also released a report called “In The Dock”. It examines The UK’s Criminal Justice Response to Trafficking.

The Independent reported on the key findings of this study, warning that Britain risks “losing the fight” against human trafficking unless the criminal justice system urgently improves its response to the crime.

Click on ‘In The Dock’ to read the report.

I have to say it is an excellent piece of work by its author Rachel Annison well referenced and easy to read.

Page 38 outlines exactly what I have been saying. Though the number of prosecutions has increased for forced labour, occasionally doubling in quantity, convictions are severely lacking.

Sexual Exploitation Prosecutions remain similar but the successful conviction rate is woeful

These figures show:-
Column 1-Year
Column 2- Prosecutions for trafficking for sexual exploitation,
Column 3- Convictions for trafficking for sexual exploitation
Column 4- Success rate in percentages

2007 ……87…….. 15 ………… 17%
2008 …..114…….. 24 ………… 21%
2009 …..102…….. 23 ………… 22%
2010 ……96…….. 10 ………… 10%
2011 …..113…….. 8 ………… 7%

If The UK is not careful it may be downgraded

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s